2013年07月31日

マニング裁判結審、利敵行為に関しては無罪。しかし‥‥最長136年の収監

夕べのチャンネル4ニュースではトップで報じられていた。陪審員のいない完全にクローズドの軍事法廷でさえ、かれがかけられた最大の罪状、「利敵行為」を認めることはできなかった。とりあえずガーディアンの記事を貼付けときます。あとで訳すかもしれないしできないかもしれない。コメント欄がすごいことになっている(現時点で1300人以上の書き込み)。

Bradley Manning verdict: cleared of 'aiding the enemy' but guilty of other charges

• Pfc. Manning convicted of multiple Espionage Act violations
• Acquitted of most serious 'aiding the enemy' charge
• Army private faces maximum jail sentence of 136 years

Ed Pilkington at Fort Meade
The Guardian, Wednesday 31 July 2013

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jul/30/bradley-manning-wikileaks-judge-verdict

Link to video: Bradley Manning cleared of aiding enemy but convicted of espionage charges

Bradley Manning, the source of the massive WikiLeaks trove of secret disclosures, faces a possible maximum sentence of 136 years in military jail after he was convicted on Tuesday of most charges on which he stood trial.

Colonel Denise Lind, the military judge presiding over the court martial of the US soldier, delivered her verdict in curt and pointed language. "Guilty, guilty, guilty, guilty," she repeated over and over, as the reality of a prolonged prison sentence for Manning – on top of the three years he has already spent in detention – dawned.

The one ray of light in an otherwise bleak outcome for Manning was that he was found not guilty of the single most serious charge against him – that he knowingly "aided the enemy", in practice al-Qaida, by disclosing information to the WikiLeaks website that in turn made it accessible to all users including enemy groups.

Lind's decision to avoid setting a precedent by applying the swingeing "aiding the enemy" charge to an official leaker will invoke a sigh of relief from news organisations and civil liberties groups who had feared a guilty verdict would send a chill across public interest journalism.

The judge also found Manning not guilty of having leaked an encrypted copy of a video of a US air strike in the Farah province of Aghanistan in which many civilians died. Manning's defence team had argued vociferously that he was not the source of this video, though the soldier did admit to the later disclosure of an unencrypted version of the video and related documents.

Lind also accepted Manning's version of several of the key dates in the WikiLeaks disclosures, and took some of the edge from other less serious charges. But the overriding toughness of the verdict remains: the soldier was found guilty in their entirety of 17 out of the 22 counts against him, and of an amended version of four others.

The guilty verdicts included seven out of the eight counts brought under the Espionage Act. On these counts, Manning was accused of leaking the Afghan and Iraq war logs, embassy cables and Guantánamo files "with reason to believe such information could be used to the injury of the US or the advantage of any foreign nation". The 1917 act has previously been reserved largely for those who engage in spying as opposed to leaking; the seven convictions under the act are likely to be seen as a major stepping up of the US government's harsh crackdown on whistleblowing.

Manning was also found guilty of "wrongfully and wantonly" causing to be published on the internet intelligence belonging to the US, "having knowledge that intelligence published on the internet is accesible to the enemy". That guilty ruling could still have widest ramifications for news organisations working on investigations relating to US national security.

The verdict was condemned by human rights campaigners. Amnesty International's senior director of international law and policy, Widney Brown, said: "The government's priorities are upside down. The US government has refused to investigate credible allegations of torture and other crimes under international law despite overwhelming evidence.

"Yet they decided to prosecute Manning who it seems was trying to do the right thing – reveal credible evidence of unlawful behaviour by the government. You investigate and prosecute those who destroy the credibility of the government by engaging in acts such as torture which are prohibited under the US Constitution and in international law."

Ben Wizner, of the American Civil LIberties Union, said: "While we're relieved that Mr Manning was acquitted of the most dangerous charge, the ACLU has long held the view that leaks to the press in the public interest should not be prosecuted under the Espionage Act.

"Since he already pleaded guilty to charges of leaking information – which carry significant punishment – it seems clear that the government was seeking to intimidate anyone who might consider revealing valuable information in the future."

Julian Assange, the founder of Wikileaks, said in a statement from the Ecuadorian embassy in London, where he is sheltering from extradition to Sweden on suspicion of sex crimes, that the verdict set a "dangerous precedent" and was an "example of national security extremism".

In a statement to the Guardian, Manning's family expressed "deep thanks" to his civilian lawyer, David Coombs, who has worked on the case for three years. They added: "While we are obviously disappointed in today's verdicts, we are happy that Judge Lind agreed with us that Brad never intended to help America's enemies in any way. Brad loves his country and was proud to wear its uniform."

Once the counts are added up, the prospects for the Manning are bleak. Barring reduction of sentence for mitigation, which becomes the subject of another mini-trial dedicated to sentencing that starts tomorrow, Manning will face a substantial chunk of his adult life in military custody.

He has already spent 1,157 days in detention since his arrest in May 2010 – most recently in Fort Leavenworth in Kansas – which will be deducted from his eventual sentence.

A further 112 days will be taken off the sentence as part of a pre-trial ruling in which Lind compensated him for the excessively harsh treatment he endured at the Quantico marine base in Virginia between July 2010 and April 2011. He was kept on suicide watch for long stretches despite expert opinion from military psychiatrists who deemed him to be at low risk of self-harm, and at one point was forced to strip naked at night in conditions that the UN denounced as a form of torture.

Lind has indicated that she will go straight into the sentencing phase of the trial, in which both defence and prosecution lawyers will call new witnesses. This is being seen as the critical stage of the trial for Manning's defence: the soldier admitted months ago to being the source of the WikiLeaks disclosures, and much of the defence strategy has been focused on attempting to reduce his sentence through mitigation.

With that in mind, the soldier's main counsel, David Coombs, is likely to present evidence during the sentencing phase that Manning was in a fragile emotional state at the time he began leaking and was struggling with issues over his sexuality. In pre-trial hearings, the defence has argued that despite his at times erratic behaviour, the accused was offered very little support or counselling from his superiors at Forward Operating Base Hammer outside Baghdad.

The outcome will now be pored over by government agencies, lawyers, journalists and civil liberties groups for its implications for whistleblowing, investigative reporting and the guarding of state secrets in the digital age. By passing to WikiLeaks more than 700,000 documents, Manning became the first mass digital leaker in history, opening a whole new chapter in the age-old tug-of-war between government secrecy and the public's right to information in a democracy.

Among those who will also be closely analysing the verdict are Edward Snowden, the former NSA contractor who has disclosed the existence of secret government dragnets of the phone records of millions of Americans, who has indicated that the treatment of Manning was one reason for his decision to seek asylum in another country rather than face similar aggressive prosecution in America. The British government will also be dissecting the courtroom results after the Guardian disclosed that Manning is a joint British American citizen.

Another party that will be intimately engaged with the verdict is WikiLeaks, and its founder, Julian Assange. They have been the subject of a secret grand jury investigation in Virginia that has been looking into whether to prosecute them for their role in the Manning disclosures.

WikiLeaks and Assange were mentioned repeatedly during the trial by the US government which tried to prove that the anti-secrecy organisation had directly steered Manning in his leaking activities, an allegation strongly denied by the accused. Prosecutors drew heavily on still classified web conversations between Manning and an individual going by the name of "Press Association", whom the government alleges was Assange.

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2012年12月29日

ジュリアン・アサンジの演説(1) 2012年9月国連総会宛て

ジュリアン・アサンジの演説 (I):
2012年9月国連総会に宛てた人権に関する演説
2012-12-25 19:37:52


今や米国はウィキリークスと、情報源とされる人々への迫害をやめ、
正義を行うべきときです

[和訳]
http://newsfromsw19.seesaa.net/article/310472349.html?1356746320

[原文]
http://wikileaks.org/Transcript-of-Julian-Assange.html

Transcript of Julian Assange Address to the UN
Published: Thursday 27 September 3am BST

Transcript of Julian Assange’s Address to the UN on Human Rights - given on Wednesday 26th September - Proofed from live speech

Foreign Minister Patino, fellow delegates, ladies and gentlemen.

I speak to you today as a free man, because despite having been detained for 659 days without charge, I am free in the most basic and important sense. I am free to speak my mind.

This freedom exists because the nation of Ecuador has granted me political asylum and other nations have rallied to support its decision.

And it is because of Article 19 of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights that WikiLeaks is able to "receive and impart information... through any media, and any medium and regardless of frontiers". And it is because of Article 14.1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which enshrines the right to seek asylum from persecution, and the 1951 Refugee Convention and other conventions produced by the United Nations that I am able to be protected along with others from political persecution.

It is thanks to the United Nations that I am able to exercise my inalienable right to seek protection from the arbitrary and excessive actions taken by governments against me and the staff and supporters of my organisation. It is because of the absolute prohibition on torture enshrined in customary international law and the UN Convention Against Torture that we stand firmly to denounce torture and war crimes, as an organisation, regardless of who the perpetrators are.

I would like to thank the courtesy afforded to me by the Government of Ecuador in providing me with the space here today speak once again at the UN, in circumstances very different to my intervention in the Universal Periodic Review in Geneva.

Almost two years ago today, I spoke there about our work uncovering the torture and killing of over 100,000 Iraqi citizens.

But today I want to tell you an American story.

I want to tell you the story of a young American soldier in Iraq.

The soldier was born in Cresent Oaklahoma to a Welsh mother and US Navy father. His parents fell in love. His father was stationed at a US military base in Wales.

The soldier showed early promise as a boy, winning top prize at science fairs 3 years in a row.

He believed in the truth, and like all of us, hated hypocrisy.

He believed in liberty and the right for all of us to pursue happiness. He believed in the values that founded an independent United States. He believed in Madison, he believed in Jefferson and he believed in Paine. Like many teenagers, he was unsure what to do with his life, but he knew he wanted to defend his country and he knew he wanted to learn about the world. He entered the US military and, like his father, trained as an intelligence analyst.

In late 2009, aged 21, he was deployed to Iraq.

続きを読む
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2012年07月08日

アサンジ連続インタビュー「明日の世界」第1回配信

TUP速報941号<アサンジと語る「明日の世界」エピソード4(TUP速報第1回配信)「アラブの春」その後>をアップしました。3時間弱のトランスクリプト全訳のために十分に時間のあるときにお読みください。

速報941号:アラブの春その後
−アサンジ連続インタビュー「明日の世界」第1回配信
http://newsfromsw19.seesaa.net/archives/20120708-1.html
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2011年06月17日

朝日新聞2011年6月7日(FRI)アフガンへ陸自派遣要求

<朝日新聞国際版1面見出し>
アフガンへ陸自派遣要求
米ブッシュ前大統領、サミット時に
08年外交公電


<asahi.com 見出し>
米国、アフガン支援「陸自の大型輸送機派遣を」 米公電

2011年6月17日3時2分
http://www.asahi.com/special/wikileaks/TKY201106160680.html

[リード] 日本政府がアフガニスタン復興支援拡大を検討していたさなかの2008年7月、北海道洞爺湖サミットに合わせて行われた日米首脳会談で、ブッシュ米大統領が福田康夫首相(いずれも当時)に対し、アフガン本土への自衛隊派遣を具体的な選択肢を挙げて要求していたことが分かった。

 朝日新聞が内部告発サイト「ウィキリークス」から提供を受けた米公電の中に記述があった。

 08年8月にバウチャー米国務次官補(当時)が訪日するのを前に、東京の米大使館がシーファー大使(同)名で同次官補あてに送った事前説明の公電に、同年7月6日に洞爺湖であった日米首脳会談に関する記述が盛り込まれている。

 それによると、ブッシュ氏は首脳会談で福田氏に対し「日本はアフガンに中身のある支援をする必要がある」「形だけの貢献は適当でないし、歓迎もされない」と強い調子で要求した。「(陸自の)CH47大型輸送ヘリを派遣するか、軍民一体型のPRT(地域復興チーム)を担当するか」と具体的に求めた。

 しかし福田氏は「陸自の大規模派遣は不可能」と返答したという。米側は、自らの政権基盤の弱さを理由にしたと受け止めた。

 日本政府は08年初夏、イラクでの空自による輸送支援を打ち切るのに合わせ、アフガンへの新たな復興支援策を検討中だった。CH47を使った多国籍軍基地間の輸送や、PRTに自衛隊員を送る案も検討項目にあがっていた。だが、自民と連立を組む公明党が反対し、野党だった民主党が参院の多数を握る状況で、必要な新法を通すめどはたっていなかった。

 サミット前の6月、東京の米大使館が米国務省に送った複数の公電には、防衛省や外務省の幹部が、「政治家や世論の合意を得ることが困難」と、アフガン本土での支援活動は困難という見通しを米大使館幹部にすでに伝えていたことが記されている。

 6月に在日米大使館がシーファー大使名で国務省に打電した、日本のアフガン支援策づくりに関する分析がある。この公電からは、米側関係者らが、日本がホスト国となるサミットの時が日本をアフガン本土での支援活動に引き込む好機と考え、首脳同士による直接要求を仕掛けたことがうかがえる。

 この公電は末尾で「気候変動など、ほかの政策で日米間の意見の相違が見えてきた結果、日本はサミットの成功をますます気にかけるようになっている。サミットの準備段階が、日本に実質的なアフガン貢献をさせる最大のチャンスだ」と強調していた。

 洞爺湖サミットで主要議題だった気候変動問題で米国側から譲歩を引き出し、会合を成功裏に終わらせるため、日本はアフガン本土での支援活動を決断するのではないか。その読みから、公電は「国務長官と大統領がそれぞれ、日本で会談相手に要求すれば結果を得られるかもしれない」と結論づけた。

 だが、日本の内政はそうした政策決定に至るだけの状況になかった。福田政権、続く麻生政権は自衛隊のアフガン本土派遣を見送る。民主党に政権が代わった後も、09年に鳩山政権が発表した追加支援策は、5年間で50億ドル(当時のレートで約4500億円)という財政支援だけに限られた。(段落の区切りかたが紙面と違うが内容はほぼ同じ)



以上が朝日新聞国際版1面掲載の記事(1面トップは「福島県民30年健康調査 内部被曝先行測定」)で、三面に分析記事。この記事はasahi.comには掲載されておらず、デジタルページ(有料)にあったのでとりあえず見出しのみ拾っておく。



<朝日新聞国際版3面見出し>
米、日本説得へ包囲網
「共同戦線で要求 肝要」

公電分析


[中見出し 「丸め込める」一時自信]

[図 主要国のアフガンへの部隊派遣]

[カコミ 米の影響力低下 交渉手法に反映 孫崎亨・元外務省国際情報局長の話]



議論を呼びたいのであれば、朝日新聞は公電関連の記事は全面的に公開すべきだ。日本では朝日新聞1社ががエージェントになっているのだから、それは義務だとさえ言える(それに宅配契約で売る日本の新聞は記事の一部を公開したところで販売数に響くとは思えない)。

それどころか、ウェブサイトでは紙面ではできないことも展開できるはず。記事のベースになった公電を朝日のウェブサイトに取り込むこともできるし、公電の全訳を付けろとまでは言わないから、せめてウィキリークスの該当ページへのリンクぐらい張ったらどうだろう。公電分析チームのブログやツイッターがあればasahi.comの訪問者が増えるだろうし、そうなればasahi.comへの広告出稿の価値が上がる。



posted by nfsw19 at 08:00| Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 朝日新聞 | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする

2011年06月16日

<アサンジと午餐>がe-bayに登場。<ジジェクと午餐>の企画も同時に進行中

アサンジがファンドレイジングのために午餐の企画をオークションにかけている。定員8名。7月2日にはスロベニア人のマルクス主義哲学者ジジェクも午餐を企画しており、この午餐のあとジジェクとアサンジの対談のイベントがあるようだ。濃いなあ。会場のTroxyはグレード2指定(歴史的建造物として外観保全指定された建物)のアールデコビルだそうで、機会があったら行ってみたい。
http://www.londoneastside.co.uk/venue/204/Troxy.html



WikiLeaks auctions lunch with Julian Assange
Bidding for eight seats under way on eBay as whistleblowers seek funds in UK

Haroon Siddique
guardian.co.uk, Wednesday 15 June 2011 18.46 BST
http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2011/jun/15/wikileaks-auctions-lunch-julian-assange

For those who like their meals to come with a side of indiscreet chatter, WikiLeaks may have an appetising opportunity.

The not-for-profit organisation is offering eight people the chance to dine with founder Julian Assange to raise funds for its work. While Assange is said to often go long periods without eating, he is unlikely to be short of conversation given that he has become one of the most recognisable media figures over the past year and is rarely shy of offering an opinion.

The places are up for auction on eBay's UK site and bidding for one place had reached £620 on Wednesday. It says 100% of the final sale price will support WikiLeaks.

Slovenian Marxist philosopher Slavoj Zizek will also be at the three-hour lunch at "one of London's finest restaurants" on 2 July. The pair will be giving a talk at the Troxy, east London, later the same day, "discussing the impact of WikiLeaks on the world and what it means for the future".

WikiLeaks is dependent on public donations. It suffered a blow when companies including Mastercard, Visa and PayPal stopped processing payments citing illegality after the site leaked US state department cables. But a board member of Germany's Wau Holland Foundation, one of the whistle-blowing platform's main funding channels, said in December last year that despite the blocking of payment channels, funding was booming and that in two-and-a-half months it had collected more than €900,000 (£790,000) on behalf of WikiLeaks.

Assange is on bail in Britain as he fights extradition to Sweden on allegations of sexual misconduct against two women. He denies the allegations and claims they are politically motivated. A separate fund is paying for his defence.

US authorities are investigating whether WikiLeaks broke the law by releasing thousands of secret government documents.

Earlier this month, Assange was awarded the 2011 Martha Gellhorn prize for journalism. The annual prize is awarded to a journalist "whose work has penetrated the established version of events and told an unpalatable truth that exposes establishment propaganda".

Zizek, international director of Birbeck Institute for the Humanities, described Assange as "a real-life counterpart to the Joker in Christopher Nolan's The Dark Knight" in an essay for the London Review of Books, adding that the Joker was "the only figure of truth in the film".
ラベル:J Assange
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朝日新聞2011年6月16日(THU) クラスター禁止条約への日本加盟をめぐる公電分析

<朝日新聞国際版一面見出し>
クラスター弾禁止条約
米、日本加盟を懸念

米外交公電
「在日米軍に制約」


<asahi.comm見出し>
クラスター弾禁止条約、米が日本加盟に懸念 米外交公電

2011年6月16日3時0分 朝日新聞
http://www.asahi.com/special/wikileaks/TKY201106150692.html

[リード] 深刻な不発弾被害が問題になるクラスター爆弾の禁止条約作りに加わった日本に対し、規制に反対する米国が、在日米軍再編への悪影響などを理由に懸念を表明していた。朝日新聞が内部告発サイト「ウィキリークス」から提供を受けた複数の米外交公電に、その過程が記されていた。

 クラスター爆弾禁止条約は2007年2月、ノルウェー・オスロでの会議で交渉が開始。日本も批准して10年に発効した。米国はクラスター弾は作戦上有用として条約に反対、署名していない。米国は条約上義務は負わないが、同盟国日本の加盟で、クラスター弾を使った在日米軍の活動が制約されると強く懸念していた。

 公電によると、オスロ会議の約2カ月後、日米当局者がクラスター爆弾問題を協議。ルジェロ国務次官補代理が「クラスター爆弾の使用が規制されれば、米国の友邦防衛に影響を与える」と述べ、日本を防衛する在日米軍の能力が損なわれると主張した。

 在日米軍のラーセン副司令官は、日本が規制に加われば「自衛隊や日本の請負業者はクラスター爆弾を取り扱えなくなり、それだけ米兵が余分に必要になる。在日米軍部隊の削減交渉をしている矢先に部隊を増やすことになる」と発言。在日米軍再編への悪影響にからめた具体的な米側の指摘に「日本側の参加者はひどく驚いていた」と公電は記している。

 条約作りが大詰めに入った08年4月にも、在日米軍当局者は外務、防衛両省当局者との協議の場で「米軍が日本でクラスター爆弾を保管、搭載できなくなれば、有事の際、米軍戦闘機を日本に持って来られない」と、具体的な作戦上の問題を挙げた。

 日本側は米側の懸念に理解を示していたようだ。07年4月の米大使館の公電は「米国との安全保障の取り決めを最大限に重視し、日米の防衛関係の妨げになるような議論は認めない」との心証を日本側から得たと記している。

 日本側は、在日米軍の活動に影響させない条文にするための交渉を行った、とも米側に伝えている。

 クラスター爆弾の「取得」は、条約草案の段階から禁止対象だった。公電によると、日本は条約の文言が合意された08年のダブリン会議で、この「取得」禁止条項を条文から削ろうとし、失敗した。代替策として、「取得」は所有権まで含んだ概念だという日本独自の条文解釈を、会議で一方的に宣言した。有事に自衛隊が米軍のクラスター弾を輸送しても、所有権が米側から日本側に移っておらず「取得」ではない、という理屈だ。

 こうした日本側の動きもあり、結果的に在日米軍は引き続きクラスター爆弾を持ち、使用できることになった。一方、自衛隊が保有する計約1万4千発(10年10月現在)のクラスター爆弾は、条約加盟で8年以内に廃棄することになった。(青字部分は紙面になし)



以上が朝日新聞国際版1面掲載の記事(1面トップは「脱原発」に関する知事アンケートで、これも興味深かった)だが、実は三面の解説記事/分析記事のほうがずっと面白かった(個人的には英国の立ち回りかたが特に興味深かった)。しかし、この記事はasahi.comで見つけられなかったのでとりあえず見出しのみ拾っておく。



<朝日新聞国際版3面見出し>
クラスター禁止条約に参加
日本官僚二つの顔
米国には消極姿勢繰り返す

米外交公電分析


[図表1/写真 オスロ・プロセスの動き]
[図表2 クラスター禁止条約をめぐる主要国の立場]
[キーワード解説 クラスター爆弾]

[中見出し 世論・メディアの圧力強調
      都合の悪い情報「穏便に」
]


ラベル:日本
posted by nfsw19 at 06:00| Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 朝日新聞 | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする

クラスター爆弾禁止条約をめぐる日本政府の二枚舌。在日米軍は「温存」を協議

そもそも「専守防衛」に徹するはずの日本軍(自衛隊)がクラスター爆弾を持っていた/いること自体が矛盾。どこに埋設したかや数を記録できる(したがって後から確実な排除が可能な)地雷と異なり、不発弾がいくつどこにあるかもわからないクラスター爆弾を、内戦状態でもない自国で使用する軍隊はない。



<クラスター爆弾>在日米軍「温存」協議 米外交公電を公表

毎日新聞 6月16日(木)11時45分配信
http://headlines.yahoo.co.jp/hl?a=20110616-00000033-mai-int

【ワシントン古本陽荘】不発弾被害が深刻なクラスター爆弾について、日本政府が禁止条約締結後も、在日米軍のクラスター爆弾を「温存」させるため、国会対応や世論対策について米政府と協議していたことが、内部告発サイト「ウィキリークス」が15日公表した米外交公電で明らかになった。

表向きはクラスター爆弾の使用に反対しながらも、実際には米軍のクラスター爆弾に頼ろうとしていた日本政府の二面性が浮き彫りになった。

ウィキリークスが公表した08年11月11日付公電によると、同年10月7日、東京で開かれた外務・防衛当局による協議で、日本が同年5月に表明した「クラスター爆弾禁止」後の対応を協議。日本側は、「在日米軍が所有するクラスター爆弾についても国会議員から保有に疑念の声が上がる可能性がある」と説明。そのうえで、「防衛省、外務省とも米軍にクラスター爆弾廃棄を求めるような事態は避けたい。情報を交換し、国会対応や世論の圧力に対処するための方策を検討したい」と協力を要請した。

この際、防衛省は、「国会対応のため日本は人道目的で廃棄することを公言するが、欠けた能力については米軍に頼る」とのシナリオを提示したという。

これに対し、米側は「クラスター爆弾の代替兵器はなく、日本は(担うべき)役割、任務の一部を放棄することに等しい」と懸念を表明した。

一方、同じ公電は核政策についても報告。少人数の別の会合で、日本側が北朝鮮の核開発を念頭に、間もなく誕生するオバマ政権が、日本への「核の傘」(拡大抑止)政策を変更するのではないかとの懸念があることを伝達。「日本国内で核保有の議論が起きている」と警告したという。
ラベル:日本
posted by nfsw19 at 06:00| Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 日本語マスメディア | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする

2011年05月10日

ジュリアン・アサンジ、シドニー平和賞を授与される

シドニー平和賞ゴールドメダルを受けるにあたってのアサンジのスピーチの一部が以下の記事中に引用されている。

この中のある一節、特に「客観的であることは中立であることと同じではない objectivity is not the same as neutrality」に強く共感する。対立するふたつの勢力に明らかな力(権力)の差があるとき、両者を同じもののように扱う中立的な態度は、その力の差を考慮しないという点で客観性を欠いている。小学1年の男児と横綱を同じ土俵で戦わせようとはだれも思わないのに、それとおなじような構造の戦いが、両論並記という「中立性を保持する編集の所作」を通して、あたかも横綱どうしの戦いのように扱われている。

ウィキリークスの日本におけるパートナーとなった朝日新聞が、客観的であるように見せかけながら、その実、著しく客観性を欠いた両論並記の悪癖から一日も早く脱却することを望む。



ジュリアン・アサンジ、フロントラインクラブにてシドニー平和賞を受ける
Julian Assange receives Sydney Peace Prize at Frontline


by Ryan Gallagher on May 10, 2011 7:16 PM | posted in the category Politics
http://www.frontlineclub.com/news/2011/05/julian-assange-receives-sydney-peace-prize-at-frontline.html

WikiLeaks editor Julian Assange was awarded the Sydney Peace Prize gold medal for Peace with Justice at the Frontline Club this afternoon.

Assange is now one of just four people to have been given the award. Nelson Mandela, the 14th Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso and a Japanese Buddhist leader Daisaku Ikeda are the only others to have received the medal in its fourteen year history.

The awards ceremony was a fairly low-key, invite-only affair, with a small selection of international media present. It began with an introduction from Emeritus Professor Stuart Rees, director of the Sydney Peace Foundation.

“For 14 years we’ve awarded the Sydney Peace Prize, but only on three occasions in 14 years have made an exception to the rule and awarded a gold medal for ‘exceptional courage in pursuit of human rights,'” Rees said. “We make the award for an unusual act that challenges conformity to cultural and political orthodoxy. We don’t seek somebody who’s perfect. Julian – you’ll be very reassured to know that.

“We think that the struggle for peace with justice inevitably involves conflict, inevitably involves controversy. If it was a stumbling towards some kind of consensus nothing would ever happen.

“In that respect we think that you [Julian] and WikiLeaks, have brought about what is a watershed in journalism and in the freedom of information, and potentially in politics. We think you’ve made an enormous contribution to people’s understanding of what democracy might be about in terms of responsibility to hold powerful people accountable, in terms of enthusiasm for freedom of information, and in terms of the presumption of innocence.

“We also think that that commitment to democracy asks many of the rest of us – journalists, lawyers, teachers, academics – to stop being so shy about challenging the establishments; to stop having their thoughts embedded consciously or unconsciously to mainstream points of view.

“Luckily for us there’s been a company of dissenters from Thomas Paine through to Daniel Ellsberg; the independent Australian MP Andrew Wilkie and yourself [Julian], who have told us that the emperor has no clothes, that we shouldn’t be deceived by the false claims of people in government, in corporations or indeed in the military.

“We were also motivated in November to make this award, because we were ashamed of the behaviour of the Australian government. And we wanted in some way to repudiate their cowardice ... we were also appalled by the violent behaviour of major politicians in the United States. You will know that some of them said that WikiLeaks should be defined as an international terrorist organisation and that several politicians – among them Sarah Palin – said that you [Julian] should be hunted down like [Osama] bin Laden. Well, we now know exactly what that means.”

Rees also took a moment to speak about the alleged whistleblower Bradley Manning, who has been in prison for ten months without trial – eight of which were in solitary confinement.

“The bestial behaviour of the US government towards that man is more than appalling,” he said. “They don’t seem to understand that the harshest possible punishment and forms of humiliation teaches no one a lesson ... it certainly makes no contribution to civility.”

Rees then read out two quotes. One was a message from Noam Chomsky to Assange.

Chomsky wrote: “I thank you profusely for the way in which you have excersied your responsibilities as a citizen of free societies, thus enabling citizens to know what their government is doing.”

The other was a 300 year old quote from the English writer Daniel Defoe:

“Extol the justice of the land who punish what they will not understand. Tell them I stand exalted there for speaking what they would not hear.”

*****

Former SBS World News Australia presenter Mary Kostakidis was next to speak.

She said it was a “great privilege” to honour Assange with the medal and described WikiLeaks as an “ingenious and heroic” website that “exposes what governments get up to in our name”.

[WikiLeaks has] contributed to enhancing democracy globally,” she said. “It’s ensured that critical evidence is made available to citizens all over the world in their struggle for justice – by providing a safe and secure way for whistleblowers to upload material anonymously."

Kostakidis added that among recent WikiLeaks revelations were cables that showed the Australian government privately lobbied with the United States to weaken a key international treaty banning cluster bombs.

“If we don’t support whistleblowers and their publishers, we will get the society we deserve,” she said. “Many of us have come to journalism because of its core purpose to scrutinise the decisions and actions of those in authority because of the impact of those decisions and actions on the lives of many people ... [We need to guard against] arrogance, contempt for truth, contempt for justice, contempt for other people’s lives.”

Kostakidis then presented Assange with his medal. “This award is made infrequently and for extraordinary achievement,” she said.

*****

Julian Assange began his acceptance speech with a “status update”.

The Australian government, Assange explained, this year found that WikiLeaks has breached no laws. It has now halted its inquiry into the organisation. “That is not due to the Australian government,” he said. “It is not due to the sense of the people it was working with in Washington; it is entirely due to the Australian people and the people who fight for us ... you’re actions have made a difference.”

But WikiLeaks is still under threat from the US government, Assange said, adding: “The Pentagon publicly declared an 120 man operation into us, working 24 hours a day seven days a week.”

The fact that a CIA task squad has also been assembled to look in to WikiLeaks – and also failed to confirm or deny whether they were plotting to assassinate Assange – has serious implications, he said, for him and for WikiLeaks' staff and volunteers.

He continued: “The real value of this award is that it makes explicit the link between peace and justice. It does not take the safe feel good option by uttering platitudes. [...]

“With WikiLeaks there is no doubt that we are all engaged in a struggle – a generational struggle for the proposition that is no more radical than that citizens have a right – indeed a duty – to scrutinise the state and to scrutinise states."

Quoting the words of the poet Mae Sarton, Assange said, “you have to think like a hero in order to act like a decent human being.”

He went on: “And that has always been our promise to whistleblowers and sources – that if you have the courage to act like a hero, then we will have the courage to act like merely decent human beings as publishers. That is why we have never unpublished anything that we have published, no matter what kind of threats have been levelled against us.

We are objective but we are not neutral. We are on the side of justice – objectivity is not the same as neutrality. We are objective about the facts, when it comes to recording and not distorting facts, but we are not neutral about what kind of world we would like to see. We would like to see a more just world and this means giving people access to the information that is the power behind justice. Without this free flow of information, an organised minority will always dominate the disorganised majority. That means most people cannot participate in power and until people can participate in power we will not have a just world.

“Our work at wikileaks has surprised many people, including some journalists, who have reacted in a hostile manner. And I would argue in a manner hostile to the basic ethics of journalism, which is to hold power to account.”

Paraphrasing journalist John Pilger, Assange said: “it is not WikiLeaks the United States government is afraid of, it is not Julian Assange that they are afraid of. What does it matter what I know, what does it matter what WikiLeaks knows? It matters not at all – what matters is what you know. These organisations are scared of what you know, and they are scared of what the general population knows. They want to put a stop to us because they want to put a stop to you knowing.”

Assange thanked the Sydney Peace Foundation for giving him the award. “Not because it is merely an accolade,” he said. “But because it is a certification to attract the support of people ... who are committed to bringing peace with justice.

“It is a sign that we are doing what journalists ought to be doing every day: afflict the comfortable and comfort the afflicted as Chicago writer Finlay Peter Dunne once put it.

“WikiLeaks will always strive to be an intelligence agency of the people. And will always, as long as whistleblowers are willing to act like heroes, act merely like decent people.”

There was then a Q & A section. A full report of this will appear tomorrow. And full audio & video will soon follow.

ラベル:J Assange
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2011年05月08日

ウィキリークス、日本の原発の暗い歴史を大量放出

ウィキリークスの公電ページに日本発の公電14通が一挙に出た。

WikiLeaks releases cables on Japan's history with nuclear power
ウィキリークス、日本の原発の歴史に関わる公電を放出


http://www.wikileaks.ch/reldate/2011-05-07_0.html

06TOKYO442 JAPAN CONDUCTS NUCLEAR TERRORISM DRILL AT PLANT ON
2006-01-27 2011-05-07 SECRET Embassy Tokyo

06FUKUOKA9 NUCLEAR ENERGY POLITICS IN WESTERN JAPAN: KYUSHU ELECTRIC'S
2006-02-09 2011-05-07 UNCLASSIFIED Consulate Fukuoka

06TOKYO1592 LOCAL COURT ORDERS SHUTDOWN OF NUCLEAR REACTOR
2006-03-27 2011-05-07 UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY Embassy Tokyo

06TOKYO6346 CIVIL PROTECTION DRILL IN IBARAKI PREFECTURE
2006-11-02 2011-05-07 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Tokyo

06TOKYO6730 VISIT TO JAPAN,S KASHIWAZAKI-KARIWA NUCLEAR POWER
2006-11-27 2011-05-07 CONFIDENTIAL Embassy Tokyo

07TOKYO19 VISIT TO JAPAN'S SHIMANE NUCLEAR POWER PLANT,
2007-01-05 2011-05-07 CONFIDENTIAL Embassy Tokyo

07TOKYO805 NUCLEAR TERRORISM CONVENTION: ""NUDGE"" COULD HELP
2007-02-26 2011-05-07 CONFIDENTIAL Embassy Tokyo

07TOKYO3263 JAPAN: NUCLEAR POWER: EARTHQUAKE CAUSES FIRE AND
2007-07-17 2011-05-07 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Tokyo

07TOKYO3296 JAPAN: NUCLEAR POWER: ADDITIONAL MISHAPS AT
2007-07-18 2011-05-07 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Tokyo

07TOKYO4442 U.S./JAPAN DISCUSSIONS ON PHYSICAL PROTECTION AND
2007-09-25 2011-05-07 CONFIDENTIAL Embassy Tokyo

08TOKYO498 PHYSICAL PROTECTION: MOFA SUPPORT FOR US/JAPAN
2008-02-26 2011-05-07 CONFIDENTIAL//NOFORN Embassy Tokyo

09SAPPORO30 TOMARI: JAPAN'S NORTHERNMOST NUCLEAR COMMUNITY
2009-07-29 2011-05-07 UNCLASSIFIED Consulate Sapporo

09TOKYO2718 MOFA DG UMEMOTO ON SECRET AGREEMENT INVESTIGATION
2009-11-27 2011-05-07 CONFIDENTIAL Embassy Tokyo

10TOKYO228 U.S.-JAPAN SECURITY SUB-COMMITTEE MEETING
2010-02-04 2011-05-07 SECRET Embassy Tokyo
ラベル:日本
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2011年05月07日

WSJ紙設立のWL型告発サイト「セーフハウス」は信用に足りず

ウィキリークスに対抗してウォールストリート・ジャーナル紙が設立した内部告発サイト「セーフハウス」が、公開後わずか1日で、利用者に匿名性を保証できない失敗サイトの烙印を捺されたようです。

Wall Street Journal faces backlash over WikiLeaks rival
SafeHouse criticised as a 'total anonymity failure'
by web security and privacy experts


Josh Halliday

guardian.co.uk, Friday 6 May 2011 14.21 BST
http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2011/may/06/wall-street-journal-wikileaks-safehouse


The Wall Street Journal is facing a backlash from web security and privacy experts over its WikiLeaks-inspired whistleblowers' site, SafeHouse.

SafeHouse, which launched on Thursday to allow anyone to upload documents to the Journal, has been described by one encryption analyst as a "total anonymity failure" that could compromise the security of whistleblowers.

Other researchers have told the Guardian that SafeHouse needs "basic improvements" and that – in its current state – should not have been launched.

"These are technical issues that only technical experts will notice," said Rik Ferguson, a security analyst at Trend Micro. "But given the kind of data that the Journal will hope to get from this, if I [was a whistleblower] there would absolutely be enough for me not to choose that site to upload to.

"There are certainly some relatively basic improvements that could and should have been made before the site went live."

Jacob Appelbaum, a security researcher and senior developer on the Tor online anonymity network, was also critical of SafeHouse: "They're negligent and this is the wrong project to beta-test on an open internet," he said.

Within hours of SafeHouse being launched, security experts pointed out that the site has an insecure way of redirecting whistleblowers who visit the unencrypted version of the site. "This leaves any potential whistleblower open to the chance of getting their traffic – and any documents they're uploading – intercepted by someone on the same network," said Ferguson.

SafeHouse's terms and conditions includes a disclaimer that it "cannot ensure complete anonymity" of whistleblowers who opt to use the most secure form of uploading to the site – and recommends using "cloaking" tools such as Tor, which hide the online identities of web users.

However, uploading from Tor did not work on Thursday or Friday when tested by security researchers. "This is quite worrying and makes you think that it's quite risky if you're going to put information on there," Paul Mutton, a web security tester, told the Guardian.

Mutton added it was also "surprising" the Journal had not opted for an independently-verified SSL certificate – as used by PayPal and other companies which transmit sensitive information – which notifies site visitors of its enhanced protection with a green address bar.

"Not only would this instil more confidence in submitters, but it would also be more difficult for someone else to impersonate the site," Mutton said.

SafeHouse is also facing criticism for its terms and conditions, which state the Journal "reserve[s] the right to disclose any information about you to law enforcement authorities or to a requesting third party, without notice, in order to comply with any applicable laws and/or requests under legal process [...]".

The Journal confirmed to the Guardian on Friday that it would shortly update SafeHouse in an attempt to eliminate some potential vulnerabilities.

Ashley Hutson, a spokeswoman for the Journal, said: "We take these issues very seriously. Development for eliminating the Flash dependency, which is required for Tor compatibility, is complete, and we expect to implement the update within 48 hours.

"In addition, our system has been updated to limit the types of less secure connections it will accept. As is standard procedure, we will continue to assess new specifications and analyse any potential situation that may impact the privacy of our users.

"Our priority is to ensure that SafeHouse fulfils its mission as a secure location that provides sources with access to highly skilled, experienced journalists."

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